BAGS AND ARTIFACTS 1

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BAGS AND ARTIFACTS 1.

IN ADDITION TO PILED RUGS and flat weaves the Berbers of the Moroccan mountain ranges weave many artifacts for use in their homes. Among the most numerous are rectangular weavings which are folded in half and stitched and then become cushions and pillows. A small opening is left on a long side sufficient for various fillings to be inserted by hand. Bags of all sizes range from the tiny which contain precious items of jewellery, spices or dried fruit to the huge which are filled with grain.

Saddle bags for transport of goods by horse or donkey are common.

Finely woven bags are still made as dowry pieces.

Many items of clothing are woven for both every day, ceremonies and special occasions.

Please send any questions or enquiries to me at ldrowcroft@gmail.com

MOROCCAN BERBER HEAD DRESS which is for a young girl and is called "Bonnet d`enfant". These precious pieces form part of the dress for ceremonial occasions and this one originates from Berbers in the High Atlas mountain region of Ait Ouaouzguite, south of Marrakech. Similar pieces can be seen in "Splendeurs du Maroc", plate 278, page 208, and "Taznacht" plate 65, page 77. Reference 2692, size 41 x 21 cms., or 16 ins x 9 ins. Euros 135.

MOROCCAN BERBER HEAD DRESS which is for a young girl and is called "Bonnet d`enfant". These precious pieces form part of the dress for ceremonial occasions and this one originates from Berbers in the High Atlas mountain region of Ait Ouaouzguite, south of Marrakech. Similar pieces can be seen in "Splendeurs du Maroc", plate 278, page 208, and "Taznacht" plate 65, page 77. Reference 2692, size 41 x 21 cms., or 16 ins. x 9 ins. CLOSE UP.

MOROCCAN MIDDLE ATLAS BERBER BAG / PILLOW from the Ait Arfa sub-group. The designs are crisp and clear and accentuated by the use of fine white cotton. It has been in use but is still in excellent condition. There is good information on Berber work of this type, with colour illustrations in "Carpets and Textiles of Morocco" from page 106-111. Reference 2639. Size 64 x 34cms. 2ft.1in. x 1ft.2in. Euros 160.

MOROCCAN MIDDLE ATLAS BERBER BAG / PILLOW from the Ait Arfa sub-group. The designs are crisp and clear and accentuated by the use of fine white cotton. It has been in use but is still in excellent condition. There is good information on Berber work of this type, with colour illustrations in "Carpets and Textiles of Morocco" from page 106-111. Reference 2639. Size 64 x 34cms. 2ft.1in. x 1ft.2in. Euros 160. CLOSE UP OF BACK.

MOROCCAN BERBER MAN'S CAPE. Hand woven from undyed, hand spun wool. This is the work of Berbers in the region of Marmoucher in the Middle Atlas mountains and would have been used by a Berber man, probably a shepherd, for protection against the biting winter cold. These capes are known as "jilaba" and there is good information with colour photos in "Splendeurs du Maroc" pages 155 and 197 and also "North African Textiles" on page 86. This example has very fine and detailed design incorporated in the weave. Reference 2605. Size 160cms. high x 95cms. opened at bottom. 5ft.8in. x 3ft.2in. Euros 390.

MOROCCAN BERBER MAN'S CAPE. Hand woven from undyed, hand spun wool. This is the work of Berbers in the region of Marmoucher in the Middle Atlas mountains and would have been used by a Berber man, probably a shepherd, for protection against the biting winter cold. These capes are known as "jilaba" and there is good information with colour photos in "Splendeurs du Maroc" pages 155 and 197 and also "North African Textiles" on page 86. This example has very fine and detailed design incorporated in the weave. Reference 2605. Size 160cms. high x 95cms. opened at bottom. 5ft.8in. x 3ft.2in. DETAIL OF HOOD.

MOROCCAN BERBER MIDDLE ATLAS CUSHION / PILLOW Pieces of this type serve as daytime cushions and night time pillows in many Berber dwellings. Most are from the region of Zeymour in the Middle Atlas and have a kilim foundation upon which embroidered designs are added. This is a particularly good example. It is old and could well have been part of a dowry. Reference 2572. Size 82 x 37cms. 2ft.8in. x 1ft.3in. Euros 115.

MOROCCAN BERBER MIDDLE ATLAS CUSHION / PILLOW Pieces of this type serve as daytime cushions and night time pillows in many Berber dwellings. Most are from the region of Zeymour in the Middle Atlas and have a kilim foundation upon which embroidered designs are added. This is a particularly good example. It is old and could well have been part of a dowry. Reference 2572. REVERSE.

RARE MOROCCAN BERBER SHOES dating from the first half of the 20th century and which are hand made from camel leather. The embroidery is hand stitched silk. They would have been used for ceremonial or important occasions. They were not for daily wear. They are from a Berber group in the Djebel Siroua region of the High Atlas pre-Sahara in southern Morocco. Two similar pairs can be seen in "Spendeurs of Maroc" published by Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale as plates 247 and 248 which are part of a private collection of rare Berber artifacts. Reference 2578. Size 25cms.10ins. long. Euros 215.

RARE MOROCCAN BERBER SHOES dating from the first half of the 20th century and which are hand made from camel leather. The embroidery is hand stitched silk. They would have been used for ceremonial or important occasions. They were not for daily wear. They are from a Berber group in the Djebel Siroua region of the High Atlas pre-Sahara in southern Morocco. Two similar pairs can be seen in "Spendeurs of Maroc" published by Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale as plates 247 and 248 which are part of a private collection of rare Berber artifacts.

MOROCCAN MIDDLE ATLAS BERBER BAG / PILLOW The kilim flat weave foundation of this bag is the finest I have seen and the complex and varied designs on both front and back make this a very rare example. The portrayal of rows of flowers on the face are knotted in white and apricot coloured wools and the fine white embroidery on both sides is of cotton. The use of pistachio green, which is more noticeable on the reverse, is very unusual. It is old yet in excellent condition. Reference 2640. Size 50 x 38cms. 1ft.8in. x 1ft.3in. Euros 190.

MOROCCAN MIDDLE ATLAS BERBER BAG / PILLOW The kilim flat weave foundation of this bag is the finest I have seen and the complex and varied designs on both front and back make this a very rare example. The portrayal of rows of flowers on the face are knotted in white and apricot coloured wools and the fine white embroidery on both sides is of cotton. The use of pistachio green, which is more noticeable on the reverse, is very unusual. It is old yet in excellent condition. Reference 2640. Size 50 x 38cms. 1ft.8in. x 1ft.3in. REVERSE.

MOROCCAN BERBER HIGH ATLAS BAG / PILLOW from the Berber group Ait Sergrouchan in the eastern High Atlas mountains close to the Algerian border. This is a very old piece with fine embroidered design embellished with many metal sequins. Very fine white cotton has been used for emphasis. This work is very little known but there is a piled rug from this tribe which has some elements of these designs and which is shown as Plate 34 in "Maroc - Tapis de Tribus". Reference 2641. Size 66 x 30cms. 2ft.2in. x 1ft. Euros 195.

MOROCCAN BERBER HIGH ATLAS BAG / PILLOW from the Berber group Ait Sergrouchan in the eastern High Atlas mountains close to the Algerian border. This is a very old piece with fine embroidered design embellished with many metal sequins. Very fine white cotton has been used for emphasis. This work is very little known but there is a piled rug from this tribe which has some elements of these designs and which is shown as Plate 34 in "Maroc - Tapis de Tribus". Reference 2641. Size 66 x 30cms. 2ft.2in. x 1ft. REVERSE.

MOROCCAN BERBER MIDDLE ATLAS SADDLE BAG which is a very rare example from the Berber tribe Beni M'guild. The deep purple used for the foundation kilim and which is plied together with deep indigo for the original fastening ropes is often used in the tribe's piled carpets. The bag faces are embellished with multi-coloured woollen decorations and the same wools have been used for the extensive tassel work. A spontaneous and unique tribal artifact. Reference 2542. Size 100 x 37cms. 3ft.3in. x 1ft.3in. without tassels. Euros 365.

MOROCCAN BERBER MIDDLE ATLAS SADDLE BAG which is a very rare example from the Berber tribe Beni M'guild. The deep purple used for the foundation kilim and which is plied together with deep indigo for the original fastening ropes is often used in the tribe's piled carpets. The bag faces are embellished with multi-coloured woollen decorations and the same wools have been used for the extensive tassel work. A spontaneous and unique tribal artifact. Reference 2542. Size 100 x 37cms. 3ft.3in. x 1ft.3in. without tassels. CLOSE UP.

MOROCCAN MIDDLE ATLAS DOUBLE SADDLE BAG from the region of Zemmour. PUBLISHED IN "ORIENTAL RUGS: AN ILLUSTRATED LEXICON OF MOTIFS, MATERIALS AND ORIGINS" by Peter Stone, page 316. The bag itself has a very fine embroidered design on both panels and has been further embellished by extensive use of metal sequins. See `Splendeurs du Maroc` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale, 1998, page 148. Reference 2012. Size 104 x 37cms, 3ft 5ins x 1ft 3ins, Euros 385.

MOROCCAN MIDDLE ATLAS DOUBLE SADDLE BAG from the region of Zemmour. PUBLISHED IN "ORIENTAL RUGS: AN ILLUSTRATED LEXICON OF MOTIFS, MATERIALS AND ORIGINS" by Peter Stone, page 316. The bag itself has a very fine embroidered design on both panels and has been further embellished by extensive use of metal sequins. See `Splendeurs du Maroc` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale, 1998, page 148. Reference 2012. Size 104 x 37cms, 3ft 5ins x 1ft 3ins. CLOSE UP

MOROCCAN HIGH ATLAS BERBER DOUBLE SIDED PILLOW / CUSHION . It is very rare to find a complete piled double sided pillow. It is one piece folded over and joined with an opening along one edge to allow for filling. It is from the Ait Bou Ichaouen Berber group in the remote eastern High Atlas. The design of motifs within squares or rectangles is very unusual but there is an example of this technique shown as Plate 70 in the text book "Ait Bou Ichaouen" by Alfred and Suzanne Sauniers. Reference 2011 Size 104 x 41cms. 3ft.5in. x 1ft.4in. Euros 245.

MOROCCAN HIGH ATLAS BERBER DOUBLE SIDED PILLOW / CUSHION . It is very rare to find a complete piled double sided pillow. It is one piece folded over and joined with an opening along one edge to allow for filling. It is from the Ait Bou Ichaouen Berber group in the remote eastern High Atlas. The design of motifs within squares or rectangles is very unusual but there is an example of this technique shown as Plate 70 in the text book "Ait Bou Ichaouen" by Alfred and Suzanne Sauniers. Reference 2011 Size 104 x 41cms. 3ft.5in. x 1ft.4in. REVERSE

Vats of dye in the city of Fez.

This is where I buy wool for my restoration studio.

MOROCCAN BERBER MIDDLE ATLAS SADDLE BAG which is of exceptional fineness and was probably woven as a dowry piece. It has a plain, fine kilim background upon which design has been embroidered and many sequins added. There is a similar piece attributed to the early to mid 20th century from the region of Zaine in the Middle Atlas which is colour plate 58 in "Arts and Crafts of Morocco". Reference 2550. Size 84 x 34cms. 2ft.9in. x 1ft.2in. CLOSE UP.

MOROCCAN BERBER MIDDLE ATLAS SADDLE BAG which is of exceptional fineness and was probably woven as a dowry piece. It has a plain, fine kilim background upon which design has been embroidered and many sequins added. There is a similar piece attributed to the early to mid 20th century from the region of Zaine in the Middle Atlas which is colour plate 58 in "Arts and Crafts of Morocco". Reference 2550. Size 84 x 34cms. 2ft.9in. x 1ft.2in. Euros 280.

MOROCCAN BERBER HIGH ATLAS BAG FACE, which is an extremely rare example of work from the Berber of Ait bou Ichaouen, probably the Ait Hammou group. The weaving has significant religious designs and the owner may have been one of the men who appear in the two diamonds, the lower one of which contains the name "Abdullah". There are also the words for "Allah", "The King" and "Our Land". The wording used is in the Amazigh (Berber) language and one very old inhabitant of the village I found it in said it was in the Tifinagh dialect. The letter "H" and number "2" are also shown and these are both used in written Amazigh. Abdullah is well protected by the inclusion of a design representing a dagger to his right. A most fascinating, rare and important piece. Reference 2663. Size 84 x 45 cms., 2ft. 9ins. x 1ft. 6ins. CLOSE UP OF INSCRIPTIONS.

MOROCCAN BERBER HIGH ATLAS BAG FACE, which is an extremely rare example of work from the Berber of Ait bou Ichaouen, probably the Ait Hammou group. The weaving has significant religious designs and the owner may have been one of the men who appear in the two diamonds, the lower one of which contains the name "Abdullah". There are also the words for "Allah", "The King" and "Our Land". The wording used is in the Amazigh (Berber) language and one very old inhabitant of the village I found it in said it was in the Tifinagh dialect. The letter "H" and number "2" are also shown and these are both used in written Amazigh. Abdullah is well protected by the inclusion of a design representing a dagger to his right. A most fascinating, rare and important piece. Reference 2663. Size 84 x 45 cms., 2ft. 9ins. x 1ft. 6ins. Euros 675.

I checked every single one of the bags and trappings brought by this man to the Monday morning market, but could not find anything really great.

Monday morning rug market in the Middle Atlas. Rugs have been gathered in the villages for the past week and now the negotiations begin. I work here frequently.

MOROCCAN BERBER TENT BAG. Known as "Anoual", this type of piled bag acts as a cushion or pillow and is usually part of a dowry. It is an old example in remarkably good condition with all original fastening loops intact. The bag is from the Berbers of Ait bou Ichaouen in the eastern High Atlas close to the border with Algeria. There are entirely different designs on each side. One is extremely rare and depicts a flight of Potez 25 bi-planes used by the French colonial government to bomb the rebellious Ait Hammou Berbers in the early 1930s. The Berbers have long memories. The incident and designs which commemorate it are described in the excellent research book "Ait bou Ichaouen". The second side depicts a large "evil eye" motif which in Berber superstition protects the owner from bad luck. This is an important and rare example of its kind. Reference 2664. Size 42 x 88 cms., or 17 x 35 inches. Euros 390.

MOROCCAN BERBER TENT BAG. Known as "Anoual", this type of piled bag acts as a cushion or pillow and is usually part of a dowry. It is an old example in remarkably good condition with all original fastening loops intact. The bag is from the Berbers of Ait bou Ichaouen in the eastern High Atlas close to the border with Algeria. There are entirely different designs on each side. One is extremely rare and depicts a flight of Potez 25 bi-planes used by the French colonial government to bomb the rebellious Ait Hammou Berbers in the early 1930s. The Berbers have long memories. The incident and designs which commemorate it are described in the excellent research book "Ait bou Ichaouen". The second side depicts a large "evil eye" motif which in Berber superstition protects the owner from bad luck. This is an important and rare example of its kind. Reference 2664. Size 42 x 88 cms., or 17 x 35 inches. Euros 390.