OTHER ARTIFACTS.

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OTHER ARTIFACTS 1.

THE BERBERS OF MOROCCO are extremely skilled artisans and make items from metal, wood and ceramics, mostly for the furnishings of their own dwellings. Occasionally in the bazaars you can find fascinating old items.

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MOROCCAN BERBER WOODEN NUTCRACKER. Rural Berbers use many of the natural resources to make items for their own use. These nutcrackers are hand carved from solid cedar wood and consist of two pieces, the lower one is fitted through a hole in the handle of the upper piece. They are exceptionally strong and are the work of the Berbers of the High Atlas region of Ouaouzguite. A similar type is shown as plate 20f in the textbook "Tazenacht", page 46. Reference 2687. Size 20cms., or 8ins. long. Euros 120.

MOROCCAN BERBER WOODEN NUTCRACKER. Rural Berbers use many of the natural resources to make items for their own use. These nutcrackers are hand carved from solid cedar wood and consist of two pieces, the lower one is fitted through a hole in the handle of the upper piece. They are exceptionally strong and are the work of the Berbers of the High Atlas region of Ouaouzguite. A similar type is shown as plate 20f in the textbook "Tazenacht", page 46. Reference 2687. Size 20cms., or 8ins. long. Euros 120.

MOROCCAN BERBER WOODEN SUGAR HAMMER. The ritual of mint tea in Morocco is fascinating. A small metal tea pot arrives with boiling water and is then filled with an enormous hand full of fresh mint. Large irregular shaped lumps of sugar are then cracked into smaller pieces with wooden hammers and are then also added to the pot. After a short rest the tea is poured into small glasses and then returned to the pot. This takes place several times before the sweet, minty, tea is finally poured for drinking. The hammers are of hard wood, hand carved and often then have Berber designs carved into the head. Examples can be seen in the text books "Splendeurs du Maroc", page 43, "Tazenacht, page 46 and "Arts and Crafts of Morocco, page 109. Reference 2688. Size, 28cms., or 12 ins. long. Euros 90.

MOROCCAN BERBER WOODEN SUGAR HAMMER. The ritual of mint tea in Morocco is fascinating. A small metal tea pot arrives with boiling water and is then filled with an enormous hand full of fresh mint. Large irregular shaped lumps of sugar are then cracked into smaller pieces with wooden hammers and are then also added to the pot. After a short rest the tea is poured into small glasses and then returned to the pot. This takes place several times before the sweet, minty, tea is finally poured for drinking. The hammers are of hard wood, hand carved and often then have Berber designs carved into the head. Examples can be seen in the text books "Splendeurs du Maroc", page 43, "Tazenacht, page 46 and "Arts and Crafts of Morocco, page 109. Reference 2688. Size, 28cms., or 12 ins. long. CLOSE UP.

MOROCCAN CERAMIC BOWL This antique container was used to store finely ground powders which Berber women use as fragrances. Its impeccable condition suggests it was used sparingly. Ceramic bowls are an important part of Berber life and many have one particular function which is often indicated by the shape. The text book "Splendeurs du Maroc" published by Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale in 1998 has very detailed information on this type of work. Reference 2591. Size 15cms. 6ins. high. Euros 95.

MOROCCAN COPPER ARTIFACT. A late 19th century hand made small copper pot complete with handle and was probably the work of Jewish craftsmen in Marrakech. See `Splendeurs du Maroc` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale 1998 page 42. Reference 2043. Size approx.14cms, 6ins, high. Euros 74.

MOROCCAN STONE LAMP Primitive but effective lamps are carved out of stone and may either be used with candles or oil in which a wick is burned. This is an old Berber piece from the Middle Atlas and both sides have hand carved decorations of the eye which, in Berber mythology, helps to keep evil away. Both types of lamps are shown in "Splendeurs du Maroc" on page 41. Reference 2593. Size 8 x 25cms. 3 x 10ins. Euros 115.

MOROCCAN BEATING COMB This is antique and the design has remained unchanged for centuries. The hand beaten teeth lead to a metal handle which has been covered in leather. It is less than half the size of a usual comb which suggests it could have been specially made for a child or young girl. Illustrations of similar pieces and good information are featured on plates 105, 106 on page 89 of "Splendeurs du Maroc". Reference 2596. Size 15cms.6in. long. Euros 45.

A COLLECTION OF THREE BERBER SPOONS, hand carved from hard wood. They are very old and are from a Berber group living in the extreme southern region of Morocco known as the Pre-Sahara. There are illutrations and details of this type of spoon in the text book "Tazenacht", pages 45 and 46. References 2413, 2414, 2415, sizes 33, 32 and 21 cms., or 13, 12 and 9 ins. Euros 40 for three pieces.

MOROCCAN PRAYER BEADS. This very old string of beads is made from highly polished pieces of cuttlefish bone. Each bead is different but the whole string beautifully reflects the light. I found them appropriately in the fishing port of Esserouia on the Atlantic coast. Reference 2450. Size 17cms. 7in. long. Euros 85.

MOROCCAN BRASS AND COPPER KETTLE. A well used, early 20th century piece. It was made by artisans in Marrakech and would have been used in a wealthy home to keep hot water for the traditional mint tea. The surface has a beautiful patina. Reference 2379. Size 34cms. 1ft.2in. high. Euros 90.

MOROCCAN BRASS AND COPPER KETTLE. A well used, early 20th century piece. It was made by artisans in Marrakech and would have been used in a wealthy home to keep hot water for the traditional mint tea. The surface has a beautiful patina. Reference 2379. Size 34cms. 1ft.2in. high. A SIMILAR KETTLE ON A TRADITIONAL STAND.

MOROCCAN BERBER ANTIQUE WOODEN COMB which is hand carved from one piece of what is probably Thuya wood from the conifer tree that grows in western Morocco. It has clearly been used and and is a fascinating artifact. Wooden combs of this age can be seen in "Splendeurs du Maroc" in Plate 601 under the heading Coiffures, Maquillages et Tatouages from page 340. Reference 2584. Size 10 x 9cms. 4 x 4ins. Euros 35.

MOROCCAN BERBER ANTI ATLAS WEAVING ARTIFACTS. This is a pair of carding combs which are used in the early stages of preparing wool for weaving. Fluffy, freshly sheared wool is combed between the two surfaces into lengths. Similar examples are shown on page 88 of "Splendeurs du Maroc" published by Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale" in 1998. Reference 2262. Size 27 x 15cms. 11in x 6in. Euros 57 the pair.

MOROCCAN BERBER WEAVING ARTIFACTS. These are primitive and fiercely effective and are used to shred material into strips before it is twisted and plyed to be used in rug weaving. The handles are hand carved cedar wood and they originate from the High Atlas mountains. Similar pieces can be seen in "Splendeurs du Maroc" on page 88. Reference 2263. Size 37 x 8cms. 1ft.3in x 3in. each. Euros 55 the pair.

4MOROCCAN BERBER WEAVING TOOLS. This pair of combs with long metal teeth would be used to shred materials into long strips which are then used in the foundation and pile of some Moroccan rugs. The handles are of hand carved cedar wood and each is etched with the Berber diamond motif. A similar pair can be seen in "Splendeurs du Maroc" page 88 and are attributed to the Berbers of the Middle Atlas. Reference 2325. Size 36 cms. 1ft.2in. long each. Euros 39 the pair.

MOROCCAN BERBER ARTIFACT. This old, smoke blackened, well used artifact is a hand held chimney. When Berbers in the High Atlas steal honey they light a fire in the bowl, put it in the nest and force the bees out. See `Splendeurs du Maroc` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale, 1998, page 379. Reference 2477. Size 29cms, 12 inches long. Euros 60.

BERBER LEATHER POUCH - small leather pouches such as this are used to store kohl and powders used in make up. The leather is embellished with traditional designs and the pouches are hung from the waist. Reference 1889. Size 43 cms. 1ft.5in. long with tassels. Euros 45.

BERBER LEATHER POUCH - small leather pouches such as this are used to store kohl and powders used in make up. The leather is embellished with traditional designs and the pouches are hung from the waist. Reference 1890. Size 34cms. 1ft.2in. long with tassels. Euros 45.

CERAMIC MAKERS ARE FOUND all over Morocco. Favourite item is the Tagine.

MOROCCAN WOODEN CHEST / ARTIFACT which is beautifully made from thuya wood. Thuya is a low growing conifer unique to the western part of Morocco and has been used for wooden items since Roman times. It is resinous and makes a wonderful base for lacquer. The design is of the ramparts of the Portuguese-built fort finished in 1506 which defends the harbour at Essaoria. The cannons depicted were made in Holland in 1744. The Portuguese built 6 fortifications along the western Moroccan coast and parts of this one are still standing today. Wooden chests and much information can be found in `Splendeurs du Maroc - Musee Royal de LÀfrique Centrale, 1998`on pages 360/362. Ref. 2238. Size 60 x 43 x 31 cms. 24 x 17 x 13 inches. Euros 425.

MOROCCAN WOODEN CHEST / ARTIFACT which is beautifully made from thuya wood. Thuya is a low growing conifer unique to the western part of Morocco and has been used for wooden items since Roman times. It is resinous and makes a wonderful base for lacquer. The design is of the ramparts of the Portuguese-built fort finished in 1506 which defends the harbour at Essaoria. The cannons depicted were made in Holland in 1744. The Portuguese built 6 fortifications along the western Moroccan coast and parts of this one are still standing today. Wooden chests and much information can be found in `Splendeurs du Maroc - Musee Royal de LÀfrique Centrale, 1998`on pages 360/362. Ref. 2238. Size 60 x 43 x 31 cms. 24 x 17 x 13 inches. Euros 425.

TUAREG WOODEN ARTIFACT which although found in southern Morocco had arrived from Mauritania. It is hand carved from one piece of wood and the elegant handle indicates that it would have used as a ladle or a measure. The outside of the bowl has finely carved designs. Reference 2594. Size 20cms. 8in. long. Euros 90.

MOROCCAN BERBER ARTIFACTS. A collection of three small hand carved, hand painted, probably cedar wood bowls. They are used by Tuaregs to store saffron. Similar pieces are shown in “Splendeurs du Maroc” on page 345. Reference 2270, 2271 and 2272. Size all approximately 5cms. - 2ins. - high. Euros 65 for 3

MOROCCAN BERBER ARTIFACTS which are hand carved, hand painted, wooden pots for the storage of kohl, a cosmetic widely used for eyes. The lids are used to apply the kohl. Similar pieces are shown in “Splendeurs du Maroc” on page 345. Reference 2273, 2274 and 2275. Size all approximately 7cms., 3in. Euros 65 for 3.

MOROCCAN BERBER ARTIFACT. A large hand carved, cedar wood pot for the storage of saffron. A similar piece is shown in “Splendeurs du Maroc” on page 345. Reference 2269. Size 8cms. high - 3ins. high. Euros 29.

MOROCCAN TUAREG WOODEN BOWL. This dates from the late 19th century and is Tuareg work from the northern Sahara. See `Splendeurs du Maroc` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale, 1998, page 43. Reference 2058. Size 28cms, 11ins, diameter. Euros 30.

I FOUND THIS KEY in a primitive Berber settlement in the High Atlas. Because of the gaps in the outer walls the owner decided he did not really need the key and sold it to me.

MOROCCAN BERBER WOODEN ARTIFACT Security - High Atlas style. This primitive hand carved wooden key with its equally primitive metal teeth would have been used to secure the door of a hut. It is an example of ingenuity and quite fascinating. I found it in the High Atlas. The depictions of every day objects for use in the design of Berber rugs is quite common. The excellent book "Ait Bou Ichaouen - Weavings of a nomadic Berber tribe" shows on Plate 87 a carpet of the Ait Rguig sub-tribe with depictions of a similar key throughout. Reference 2589. Size 21cms. 9in. long. Euros 70.

MOROCCAN CARPET BEATING COMBS two types of these primitive hand crafted wood and metal beating combs are used throughout Morocco in all the villages and tribal areas. Combs with long teeth tend to be used for the coarser rugs while those with a flat metal plate, from which smaller, finer teeth protrude, are used for finer rugs and kilims. For the rug enthusiast they make wonderful evocative paper weights. All are very old or antique. "Splendeurs du Maroc", ` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale, 1998- page 89 has similar examples and extensive information. References 1935 - 1944, Euros 35 each.

BERBER ANTIQUE WOODEN BOWL In the pre Sahara region of southern Morocco wood is a precious commodity. Bowls are hand carved from a piece of solid hardwood and their ultimate shape indicates their use. There are ladles, spoons, bowls with lids for honey and round and square trays. There is a section in "Splendeurs du Maroc" pages 64 and 65 that illustrates several items. This large bowl is to store camel milk. It is complete with original camel leather rope. Reference 2575. Size 17cms. 7ins. high. Euros 82.