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TRIBAL ARTIFACTS Page 2

In addition to the tribal and rural weaving of rugs, kilims and bags there is another whole group of textiles which are vital to the way of life of tribal and rural groups throughout Central Asia and North Africa  -  we call these "TRIBAL ARTIFACTS".  They are both for daily use and ceremony. Fortunately they divide into three separate groups.

CLOTHING - Many items of headwear, belts, shawls, coats, even shoes are still made from the basic components of wool, goat and camel hair, silk and leather

THE HOME - Be it a tent or dwelling is decorated with long tent bands which are not only decorative but structurally important.  Tassels and ropes are important as are cloths for spreading on the floor for communal dishes of food to be served.  Door hangings to keep out the weather (and chickens) and other special hangings are often displayed on ceremonial occasions. 

ANIMALS - for everyday work need saddle blankets but it is for ceremonial days they are at their finest.  Superb head dresses, chest and back covers, even knee pads.  Smaller animals have collars. There are even covers for the ends of tent poles being transported by camels.

MOROCCAN BERBER BELT. The centre panel of this belt is not woven, but knitted. It originates from Berbers in Zagora which is the eastern tip of the High Atlas close to the border with Algeria. Curiously knitting is practised by Berber men from both countries in this area. The tassels, each representing multi-coloured flower heads, are intricate work. Belts are worn wrapped around the waist as many times as the length permits and are used for occasions of celebrations. Reference 2693. Size 260 x 10 cms., or 8ft. x 4ins. Euros 68.

MOROCCAN WOVEN BELT this intricately plaited belt is for a Berber man and would be worn on important occasions. It originates from the region of Boujad which is an area south of the Middle Atlas. See `Splendeurs du Maroc` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale, 1998, pages 180 and 208 for information on ropes and belts. Reference 1948. 350 cms, 11ft 6ins, long. Euros 55.

FLAT WOVEN SASH WITH EMBROIDERED DESIGN which I believe comes from Mexico or close by Central America where it was bought by the previous owner in 1982. The designs in wool are on a cotton foundation and are based on floral and superstitious forms and include several portrayals of girls or women in swirling dresses. Reference 3119. Size 248 x 13 cms., or 8ft. 2ins. x 5 ins. Euros 75.

CLOSE UP of two dancing young ladies are in the border.

MOROCCAN BERBER WOMAN'S HEAD SHAWL which originates from the remote region of Zagora south of the High Atlas, close to the border with Algeria. The triangle of fine black cotton has been carefully embroidered in wool with graceful floral designs and 3 bobbles representing flower heads have been added. The original edging and tassel work is intact. Reference 2581. Size 40 x 47cms. 1ft.4in. x 1ft.7in. Euros 36.

MOROCCAN BERBER WOMAN'S HEAD SHAWL which originates from the remote region of Zagora south of the High Atlas, close to the border with Algeria. The triangle of fine black cotton has been carefully embroidered in wool with graceful floral designs and 3 bobbles representing flower heads have been added. The original edging and tassel work is intact. Reference 2581. Size 40 x 47cms. 1ft.4in. x 1ft.7in. Euros 36. CLOSE UP.

TEKKE TURKOMAN HORSE OR CAMEL COVER which is antique and would have been used to decorate the head and shoulders of the animal carrying a bride for a wedding ceremony. It is embellished with good luck items such as shells, coins, a fragment of animal bone, tufts of feathers, buttons and small pieces of thin metal. There is a very similar piece illustrated in the text book "Traditional Textiles of Central Asia" as plate 48. This piece has a small tuft of childˇs hair attached. The cover will be a valuable part of a collection of Turkoman textiles. Reference 2804. Size (fully opened) 182 x 146 cms., or 6ft. x 4ft. 10ins. Euros 120.

TEKKE TURKOMAN HORSE OR CAMEL COVER which is antique and would have been used to decorate the head and shoulders of the animal carrying a bride for a wedding ceremony. It is embellished with good luck items such as shells, coins, a fragment of animal bone, tufts of feathers, buttons and small pieces of thin metal. There is a very similar piece illustrated in the text book "Traditional Textiles of Central Asia" as plate 48. This piece has a small tuft of childˇs hair attached. The cover will be a valuable part of a collection of Turkoman textiles. Reference 2804. Size (fully opened) 182 x 146 cms., or 6ft. x 4ft. 10ins. Euros 120. CLOSE UP.

MOROCCAN BERBER BELT. A precious piece woven entirely of silk. Belts for ceremonial and special occasions use are worn wrapped around the waist once, or several times, according to length. This fine example is from the High Atlas south of Marrakech. It is quite usual for some silk to be used in the design but to be completely woven in silk is rare. Reference 2694. Size is 166 cms., or 5ft. 6ins. long. Euros 85.

MOROCCAN BERBER HEAD DRESS from the High Atlas. Colourful head covers are important items of dress for Berber women. Many special ones are reserved for ceremony and celebration. The tassels here represent multi-coloured flower heads. There is an interesting photograph of three women from the Berber High Atlas group called Ait Yazza wearing similar pieces on page 30 of the text book "North African Textiles". Reference 2689. Size 32 x 110 cms., or 13 x 44 inches. Euros 20.

MOROCCAN BERBER HAND MADE LEATHER TOBACCO POUCH made by the Berbers of the southern High Atlas south of Marrakech. Traditionally the rural Berbers all over Morocco use their own materials and artisanal skills to make both rugs and many of the items used as furnishings and utensils for their daily life. Here is an example of a hand made leather tobacco pouch complete with loop for hanging from a belt. It is embellished with interesting simple designs and adorned with leather tassels. It is from the Anti Atlas region of the pre - Sahara. Reference 3180. Size 16 x 7 cms., or 5 x 3 inches. Euros 35.

MOROCCAN BERBER BELT. A precious piece woven entirely of silk. Belts for ceremonial and special occasions use are worn wrapped around the waist once, or several times, according to length. This fine example is from the High Atlas south of Marrakech. It is quite usual for some silk to be used in the design but to be completely woven in silk is rare. Reference 2695. Size 190 cms., or 6ft. 3ins. long. Euros 85.

MOROCCAN BERBER SHAWL. Berber women traditionally wear these as shawls or head scarves. The long tassels are made from the same material and embellished with many sequins. This piece is backed with heavy terracotta coloured cotton and will make a fascinating wall hanging. Reference 2320. Size 104 x 87cms. 3ft.5in. x 2ft.10in. excluding tassels. Euros 50.

MOROCCAN BERBER SHAWL. Berber women traditionally wear these as shawls or head scarves. The long tassels are made from the same material and embellished with many sequins. This piece is backed with heavy terracotta coloured cotton and will make a fascinating wall hanging. Reference 2320. Size 104 x 87cms. 3ft.5in. x 2ft.10in. excluding tassels. Euros 50.

UZBEKISTAN SILK PILLOW/CUSHION. The weaving of sumptuous silk cloth used for ceremony, clothing and furnishing fabrics has been carried out in several famous cities along the silk road from China to Istanbul, but was particularly concentrated in Uzbekistan. These silk cushions, which can also serve as pillows, are made from fragments of silk cloth and are used in the yurts and dwellings even today. In depth information of all aspects of Ikat weaving and history are to be found in the excellent 1988 book featuring the collection of Pip Rau. Each cushion is backed with fine cotton with zip fastener opening for adding a cushion. Reference 3290. Size 38 x 62 cms.., or 15 x 24inches. Euros 47.

THE INVALUABLE TEXT BOOK ON IKATS. GLORIOUS COLOUR PLATES THROUGHOUT.

UZBEKISTAN SILK PILLOW/CUSHION. The weaving of sumptuous silk cloth used for ceremony, clothing and furnishing fabrics has been carried out in several famous cities along the silk road from China to Istanbul, but was particularly concentrated in Uzbekistan. These silk cushions, which can also serve as pillows, are made from fragments of silk cloth and are used in the yurts and dwellings even today. In depth information of all aspects of Ikat weaving and history are to be found in the excellent 1988 book featuring the collection of Pip Rau. Each cushion is backed with fine cotton with zip fastener opening for adding a cushion. Reference 3291. Size 38 x 52 cms., or 15 x 21 inches. Euros 45.

UZBEKISTAN SILK PILLOW/CUSHION. The weaving of sumptuous silk cloth used for ceremony, clothing and furnishing fabrics has been carried out in several famous cities along the silk road from China to Istanbul, but was particularly concentrated in Uzbekistan. These silk cushions, which can also serve as pillows, are made from fragments of silk cloth and are used in the yurts and dwellings even today. In depth information of all aspects of Ikat weaving and history are to be found in the excellent 1988 book featuring the collection of Pip Rau. Each cushion is backed with fine cotton with zip fastener opening for adding a cushion. Reference 3292. Size 38 x 51 cms., or 15 x 20 inches. Euros 42.

UZBEKISTAN SILK PILLOW/CUSHION. The weaving of sumptuous silk cloth used for ceremony, clothing and furnishing fabrics has been carried out in several famous cities along the silk road from China to Istanbul, but was particularly concentrated in Uzbekistan. These silk cushions, which can also serve as pillows, are made from fragments of silk cloth and are used in the yurts and dwellings even today. In depth information of all aspects of Ikat weaving and history are to be found in the excellent 1988 book featuring the collection of Pip Rau. Each cushion is backed with fine cotton with zip fastener opening for adding a cushion. Reference 3293. Size 37 x 45 cms. or 15 x 18 inches. Euros 45.

UZBEKISTAN SILK PILLOW/CUSHION. The weaving of sumptuous silk cloth used for ceremony, clothing and furnishing fabrics has been carried out in several famous cities along the silk road from China to Istanbul, but was particularly concentrated in Uzbekistan. These silk cushions, which can also serve as pillows, are made from fragments of silk cloth and are used in the yurts and dwellings even today. In depth information of all aspects of Ikat weaving and history are to be found in the excellent 1988 book featuring the collection of Pip Rau. Each cushion is backed with fine cotton with zip fastener opening for adding a cushion. Reference 3294. Size 50 x 50 cms., or 20 x 20 inches. Euros 54.

THIS 1977 book is a vital source of information and traces the evolution of Bulgarian embroidered textiles since the formation of the Bulgarian state 1300 years ago. The south east corner of Europe where Bulgaria, Northern Greece and the European part of Turkey all meet share many artisanal skills. Designs, especially in hand woven textiles, are shared by all three. Many items for use and decor are hand woven in Bulgaria, both for use in the home and also for clothing. Pillows serve for day time seating and night time sleeping. As well as an extensive introduction the book contains 44 colour photographs and an extensive bibliography.

BULGARIAN FOLK hand embroidered pillow or cushion. The two integrated loops on the corners indicate that it was probably made for a specific place in the house such as a chair back. It is open at one end and a pillow can be inserted. Reference 3137. Size 64 x 38 cms., or 25 x 15 inches. Euros 36.

TABLE OR TRAY CLOTH of a black very fine cotton base upon which red wool and white cotton have been used for the hand sewn design. Reference 3133. Size 78 x 46 cms., or 31 x 18 inches. Euros 29.

TABLE OR TRAY COVER from southern Bulgaria. An interesting an intricate design embroidered in red wools with white, black and yellow shades of cotton used in the outlines. It will also make a stylish wall hanging when mounted on a plain background. Reference 3136. Size 60 x 50 cms., or 24 x 20 inches. Euros 35.

BULGARIAN FOLK EMROIDERED PILLOW OR CUSHION. This has the softness and floppy handle of an old piece. The use of a row of seven buttons to close the pillow opening on the reverse confirms the age. A very attractive and authentic artifact. Reference 3138. Size 63 x 40 cms., or 25 x 16 inches. Euros 34.

BULGARIAN HAND EMBROIDERED CUSHION the design of which has been heavily influenced by sophisticated design from the Ottoman period. The repeated rows of sprouting shrubs are woven using twelve deep, rich colours and the weave is much finer than usual old examples. Reference 3134. Size 63 x 40 cms., or 25 x 16 inches. Euros 38.

MOROCCAN BERBER CEREMONIAL BELT from the Berbers of Zagora in the eastern High Atlas mountains close to the border with Algeria. This is woven with pure silk and would have been used for ceremonial occasions or celebrations. The long strands are gathered at intervals and bound with materials and silk. Examples of Berber belts using similar techniques are shown on pages 180 and 181 of the text book "Splendeurs of Maroc". Reference 2697. Size 200 cms., or 79 inches long. Euros 125.

BULGARIAN FOLK CUSHION. Designs used by rural weavers often are influenced by the world around them and are based on nature, religion and superstition. Here a weaver has created an intricate flower garden below a row of minarets. The fine black coton background is a perfect foil to offset the brightness of the red and white design. There is anopening at one end to allow for the insertion of filling. Reference 3135. Size 68 x 41 cms., or 27 16 inches. Euros 38.

PERSIAN KURDISH ARTIFACT. This finely worked piece is a collar for a small animal and would be used on ceremonial occasions. The fine decorative tassels, adorned with cowrie shells, are intact and the piece is Kurdish work from western Persia. The dyes are natural. Reference 2319. Size 63 x 14cms. 2ft.1in. x 5in. Euros 75.

PERSIAN KURDISH ARTIFACT. This finely worked piece is a collar for a small animal and would be used on ceremonial occasions. The fine decorative tassels, adorned with cowrie shells, are intact and the piece is Kurdish work from western Persia. The dyes are natural. Reference 2319. Size 63 x 14cms. 2ft.1in. x 5in. CLOSE UP.

MOROCCAN BERBER CEREMONIAL BELT. This originates from the deep south of the country and is a finely plaited belt, decorated with charms and embroidered in cotton and silk. The two ends are very attractive. See `Splendeurs du Maroc` - Musee Royal de l`Afrique Centrale, 1998, pages 180 and 208 for information on ropes and belts. Ref. 1950. Size 400 cms. 13ft.2in. long. Euros 78.

MOROCCAN BERBER BELT, woven with two intertwined shades of hand spun wools by the Berbers of the Mrirt group in the southern Middle Atlas. It is for use by a shepherd. Reference 1931. Length 95 cms., or 36 inches, Euos 88.

Collection of 7 rare Berber ceremonial belts - Woven for both Berber men and women and tied around the waist as part of the colourful clothes worn on special occasions. Details - from left to right - 1. All silk from the remote region of Zagora in the eastern High Atlas close to the Algerian border, length 200 cms, ref. 2697. Euros 125.2. All silk and incorporating a fastening loop. This is Berber work from the High Atlas south of Marrakech. Length 190 cms, ref 2695. Euros 85. 3. Plaited wool very long belt which was made for a shepherd and would have been wound around his waist several times. It is from the region of Boujad, south west Middle Atlas. length 350 cms, ref 1948. Euros 55.4. Two shades of wool twisted together make this short belt, again for a shepherd but this time from the region of Mrirt in the Middle Atlas. Length 95 cms, ref. 1931. Euros 88. 5. All silk, incorporating the fastening loop and ball, for a Berber women from the High Atlas south of Marrakech. Length 166 cms, ref. 2694. Euros 85. 6. Finely twisted, bound at intervals with silk and adorned with metal discs - this is from the Djebel Siroua region of the Pre-Sahara in the deep south of Morocco. Length 450 cms, ref. 1950. Euros 78. 7. Very unusual eastern High Atlas region belt. The madder coloured foundation is actually knitted by men of the tribe. It is the task of the women to card, spin and dye the wools. Knitting garments, especially those to protect from the bitter cold, is carried out by shepherds on both sides of the Algerian/Moroccan border. Length 260 cms long and 10 cms wide. Ref. 2693. Euros 68.Available singly or as a collection. See entry on Rugrabbit. Prices from euros 55 to125. Whole collection Euros 525..